Breast implantation and its success
Breast implantation is an increasing of the breast size with the help of implants. The implant is a soft silicone bag that can be filled with a slightly saline solution, silicone gel or any other substance. Silicone is an organic compound containing silicon. Antonio Lavoisier discovered this substance for the first time in 1787. Later, various scientists sought to clean it and in 1824 Berzelius received amorphous purified silicone. The first attempts at surgical breast implantation were made centuries ago. Apparently, the desire to stay forever beautiful was born simultaneously with a woman.
The first real experiments of breast implantation were conducted in 1895-1987. Vincenzo Czerny performed a plastic surgery to restore the shape and size of the mammary gland. What did not the doctors try to develop the technique of an effective and safe operation for breast implantation? However, all attempts ended very badly. The breast became inflamed and destroyed with the formation of fistulas, seals, and rough scars. All the substances used did not remain in place and spread in different directions. Therefore, tissue damage was quite extensive and deadly. Doctors watched and made the right conclusions trying to install in the chest solids. It could be glass, metal, ivory, and so on. However, these materials also did not want to get accustomed, they were often displaced and rejected, disfiguring the shape of the breast and causing pain and many problems.
In the 40s of last century, surgeons decided that the body would perceive liquid silicone much better. Silicone was injected with injections, into the area between the muscle and the mammary gland. Very tempting was the fact that after this manipulation no scars were left. As a result, nothing happened.
The surrounding tissues also reacted with inflammation, suppuration, and scarring. This could be corrected by cutting a large part of the breast. As you understand, now such operations to increase the mammary glands are not conducted anywhere else.
Another option for breast augmentation, on which many hopes were pinned, is filling the breast with its own fat taken from other parts of the body (abdomen, thighs, and buttocks). Fat cells are taken with special needles, are prepared for transplantation, and are injected into the area of the mammary glands. As a rule, at best, the introduced fat simply absorbed in one or two months. Unfortunately, in the worst cases, complications, as with other methods, appeared.
In the field of aesthetic surgery, the most popular procedure today is breast implantation during which silicone implants are used. Such surgical intervention allows correcting or completely changing the shape of the breast, as well as giving it firmness and increasing size. Contrary to popular belief, it is impossible to influence the size of mammary glands with the help of physical exercises and various creams. Breast implantation is the only guaranteed opportunity to get an attractive breast of the desired size and shape. To date, breast implantation is the most in-demand procedure of plastic surgery. Indications for breast implantation can be a small breast size, its sagging, as well as age-related changes in the size of the form and breast. Breast implantation allows you to give it the missing volume and adjust the shape. For today, there are several options for access to breast tissue during surgery. The location of the implant itself can also vary. All this depends on the characteristics of the organism and the structure of the patient’s breast and is selected by the surgeon individually in each specific case. Modern breast implants for breast augmentation can be divided into two main types: saline and silicone.
Types of breast implants
Silicone implants appeared for the first time in the USA in 1961. Today’s silicone implants are much different from those used in the last century and passed five generations of development. Modern silicone implants have stable form stability and high tackiness, which significantly reduces the risk of its displacement in the chest. Among other things, modern silicone implants have no such drawback as sweating gel through the shell.
The first silicone implants were made from a silicone shell in the form of a drop filled with silicone gel. The second generation of silicone implants differed from the first in its consistency. They became more realistic to the touch and soft, the shell of silicone itself became thinner and the gel less viscous and sticky. However, this all led to an increased risk of rupture of the implant with the leakage of silicone into the breast tissue, as well as the sweat of the silicone gel through the shell. In the mid-80s, implants of a new generation were developed. Their feature was the coating of the elastomer to reduce sweat gel through the shell, as well as the use of a thicker and stickier silicone. Implants of this group were both rounded and pointed. The pointed shape of the implants was considered more natural. Practice showed a higher efficiency of implants of the fifth generation because they were less common with ruptures and formation of capsular contracture.
Saline implants are a sheath of synthetic material that is filled with saline. An important advantage of a saline breast implant is that if it breaks or sweats it will be almost harmless for the woman’s body because the implant contains saline. This type of breast implant was first developed in France in 1964. Today, these implants are made of a thick silicone shell. This shell becomes soft at room temperature.
The seams after breast implantation are usually removed after 1-2 weeks. Swelling usually begins to subside in a couple of days and completely disappears within a few weeks. However, sometimes swelling persists for a longer period, which is also normal. The final result of the breast implantation will be visible in a few weeks after the implant has taken the correct position and the swelling completely disappears. Scars tend to disappear within a few months.