Many women find success in pregnancy after trying IVF. In vitro fertilization is an auxiliary reproductive technology that is used when conception by natural means is impossible. Throughout the world, IVF is the main way to treat infertility. See the four basic steps that you can expect during the in vitro fertilization process.
In vitro fertilization step by step
Step 1: Induction of ovulation. Before and during the IVF process, your fertility doctor will monitor the timing of the eggs release and your ovaries. He will make sure that your hormone levels are normal and your ovaries produce eggs, among other procedures. Currently, most women take hormones or medicines to stimulate the ovaries to produce one or more eggs. The presence of several eggs available for IVF will increase the likelihood that you will become pregnant.
Step 2: Eggs retrieval. During the second step in the in vitro fertilization process, anesthesia treatment reduces any discomfort. Then a very thin needle passes through the upper wall of the vagina. When using vaginal ultrasound, the fluid is removed from the follicles with easy suction. Immediately after aspiration of the follicle, the oocyte (egg) is released from the follicular fluid. The egg is placed in a culture dish containing the nutrient medium and then transferred to an incubator.
Step 3: Fertilization. The next step in the in vitro fertilization is the fertilization of the egg. A sample of sperm is fixed either from your partner or from a donor. Then, the most active sperm is mixed with the egg in a special chamber. Sometimes the sperm is directly injected into the egg. After that, the egg and sperm are placed in an incubator and monitored to make sure that a healthy embryo develops.
Step 4: Transfer of Embryos and Implantation. The last step in this process is the transfer of embryos. First, embryos are examined to select the healthiest for transmission. To transfer the embryo to the vagina, a mirror is placed and the embryo is transported through a small plastic tube placed through the cervix into the uterine cavity. After completing the in vitro fertilization process, bed rest is often recommended for about twenty-four hours.