The development of technical progress has led to the appearance of materials capable of replacing the worn joint with an artificial one. Artificial knee joint exactly repeats the elements of the natural joint, allowing to carry out the necessary volume of movements. In orthopedic practice, joint prostheses have been used since the 1960s. Unfortunately, many patients with diseases of knee joints abstain from the knee replacement surgery. They have to limit their active life and suffer pain every day. The best and only way to increase the mobility of the knee joint is to replace the knee joint. Ninety percent of patients who underwent knee replacement surgery evaluate their new knee as good or excellent.
is a routine operation that involves replacing a worn, diseased or injured knee with an artificial joint. Adults of any age can do a knee replacement, although most of them are carried out on people between 55 and 80 years of age. Many people now receive this operation at a younger age. Replacement of the knee joint usually lasts more than twenty years. A knee replacement operation is usually necessary when the knee joint is damaged or worn to such an extent that your mobility is reduced and you experience pain even during rest. The most common cause of surgery to replace the knee joint is osteoarthritis. Other conditions that cause knee injury include:
- rheumatoid arthritis
- disorders that cause unusual bone growth (bone dysplasia)
- knee deformity with pain and loss of cartilage
- knee injury
- the death of bone in the knee joint following blood supply problems