Throughout the world, the method of in vitro fertilization (IVF) is considered as the main way to treat infertility. It is effective in all its forms. In addition, IVF is often the only way out for families in which a man is sick. In vitro fertilization is a relatively young method of treating infertility. It was first used in England in 1978. However, 200 years ago, similar attempts were made.
The essence of IVF (in vitro fertilization)
Spermatozoa meet with eggs in a test tube and then they are placed in the uterus of a barren woman or a surrogate mother. With the favorable outcome of the procedure (the onset of pregnancy), there are frequent cases when fertilization from a test tube leads to a multiple pregnancies, as several oocytes take part in an attempt at in vitro fertilization. The success of the IVF procedure is approximately 30-35%.
The procedure of IVF is effective in those forms of infertility when it is not possible to eliminate the cause that prevents conception. For example, after ectopic pregnancies, when one or both fallopian tubes are removed and also after inflammatory diseases when the patency of the fallopian tubes is broken and it is impossible to restore it. In cases where there is not enough sperm, the doctors have developed ways of obtaining sperm by artificial means with the help of a puncture or operation. When the male factor of infertility is not required to perform conception with in vitro fertilization, you can simply enter the artificial semen obtained into the uterine cavity. However, given that this method of obtaining spermatozoa is complicated, in this case, the use of the IVF procedure gives more chances for success.