Those who have difficulty in losing weight or who cannot make an effort to lose weight usually turn to obesity surgical treatments. Losing weight and gaining weight is one of the most difficult health problems in people’s lives. Even according to some surveys, one of the biggest goals of people is the ideal weight. At this point, Obesity Surgery is a good orientation for patients who have difficulty losing weight. One of the most curious when turning to obesity treatments: What is the safest form of weight loss surgery?
Now let’s examine weight loss surgeries, risks and the safest surgeries.
How to Lose Weight?
The weight loss process should be designed in accordance with individual characteristics, health status and eating habits. In this process, it is important to adopt a personalised nutrition plan under the guidance of a specialised dietitian, add regular physical activities, ensure adequate sleep patterns and manage stress. Treatment should first address the underlying health problems that lead to weight gain and should be coordinated with the doctors who manage these problems. A regular and balanced diet, restriction of processed foods, foods containing excess sugar and salt, adequate water consumption and healthy lifestyle choices are essential in the weight loss journey. In this process, it is necessary to focus on the individual’s unique progress by avoiding comparisons between bodies and avoiding weight obsession. If there are other health problems underlying the weight gain, specialised treatment may also be required.
What are Weight Loss Surgeries?
The safest weight-loss surgeries
The safest weight loss surgeries are mainly as follows;
Sleeve gastrectomy is a surgical procedure for the treatment of obesity. It is usually used in people who cannot cope with obesity-related health problems. It is one of the most preferred operations. And it is one of the safest operations among weight loss surgeries.
In bariatric surgery techniques, the stomach is essentially divided into two parts and the smaller stomach section created during this procedure is directly connected to a further part of the small intestine, thus bypassing part of the duodenum. These procedures have two main aims: on the one hand, to limit the number of calories a person can take in, and on the other hand, to reduce the absorption of the food consumed by the body. These procedures, performed with laparoscopic techniques, are among the most preferred types of bariatric surgery globally. Gastric bypass is considered one of the most effective methods to overcome obesity and the health problems caused by it, and weight loss can usually take 1.5 years. Regular follow-up and sometimes long-term vitamin supplementation may be required after surgery. In this process, it is of great importance for patients to be in close communication with their dieticians and doctors.
Gastric balloon treatment is a simple non-invasive method for weight loss. This procedure is performed by inserting a balloon filled with air or liquid into the stomach under local anaesthesia using an endoscopic device and takes approximately 15-20 minutes. With this procedure, the stomach volume is partially filled, resulting in a faster feeling of satiety, and patients can usually lose an average of 7-8 kg of weight within a few months. The balloon can remain in the stomach for six months to a year, after which it can be removed in a short time, again by an endoscopic procedure. The gastric balloon does not create a permanent change; therefore, if patients do not maintain healthy eating habits after the balloon is removed, they may regain the weight they have lost. During this time, people have the chance to gain healthier eating habits. Gastric balloon, which is mostly preferred as a preliminary stage in patients at high risk for a surgical intervention or in people with severe obesity, is also considered as a weight management option in mildly overweight individuals.
Is Gastric Sleeve Safe?
The majority of patients lose approximately 55% of their excess weight within the first year after sleeve gastrectomy. The complication rate associated with this operation is reported to be only 8%, making sleeve gastrectomy a safe option for almost every obesity patient. And the first choice of many of our patients with high BMI is Sleeve Gastrectomy Surgery.
Is Gastric Balloon Safe?
A frequently preferred method for weight loss is sleeve gastrectomy. In this procedure, the stomach is reduced by about 80-90% and turned into a tube, which helps to reduce calorie intake. This closed surgery usually takes one to two hours and the hospital stay is usually two to three days. After the operation, patients can consume liquids for the first two weeks, soft foods for the next two weeks, and then switch to normal foods. Vitamin supplements may be recommended to meet nutritional needs.
In this surgical method, the release of Ghrelin hormone is prevented by completely removing the fundus region of the stomach, which contributes to a decrease in appetite. During the recovery process, patients can usually lose 80% of their excess weight within a year. After surgery, it is important to chew food thoroughly and eat small portions. Exercise should also be remembered to maintain weight control. During weight maintenance, it is especially important to avoid refined sugary and high-calorie liquid foods.
Is Gastric Bypass Safe?
Since gastric bypass is a surgical intervention, some risks may occur during or after the operation. During the postoperative recovery period, temporary conditions such as body pain, fatigue, dry skin, hair loss and mood changes may occur. Patients who undergo gastric bypass may be at risk of complications such as excessive bleeding, infection, blood clotting and dumping syndrome. However, these risks can be minimised in hospitals equipped with modern technology and in surgeries performed by experienced doctors.