Types of Weight-Loss Surgery

Types of Weight-Loss Surgery
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No matter what technique, the stomachs of patients who have undergone weight loss surgery have become so small in volume that they feel full with very little food. They even need to chew food for a long time before swallowing in order not to vomit. Those who have undergone weight loss surgery are advised to start their meals with protein.

Because if you eat the vegetable first, there is no room for protein in your stomach. In addition to limiting yourself to only three small meals a day, it becomes impossible to digest red meat, the peel of some fruits, and many vegetables. In other words, with so little food, you may already be without food, and you may need to remove many valuable foods necessary for your health from your life. As you can see, this is not at all a healthy way of eating! Hair loss is observed in almost all patients who have undergone weight loss surgery –which is the best evidence that the body is not getting enough nutrients and gives danger signals.

 You can see different types of weight loss surgery because they are divided into subheadings, but mainly two types of weight-loss surgeries performed. There are gastric bypass and gastric sleeve surgeries. Successful results can be obtained in the treatment of obesity thanks to gastric bypass surgery and gastrectomy called a gastric sleeve. Two different stomach reduction surgeries are preferred according to different comorbidities.

Thanks to the method of taking about 80-85% of the stomach, the volume of the stomach can be significantly reduced. After this operation, the person eats less and feels full in a short time. Therefore, it is possible to lose weight quickly and healthily. In both types of surgery, they begin to eat less, and most of the food they eat does not reach the duodenum and is therefore excreted without absorption. Therefore, even if you eat high-calorie foods, you will lose fat and weight.

Another method of stomach reduction, the gastric balloon, is more of an endoscopic method than a surgical method. With this method, a gastric balloon remains in the stomach for 6 months, and as the volume of the stomach decreases, the person begins to lose weight.

 

  • Gastric sleeve: It is the most common method of obesity surgery. 80% of the stomach is removed by the laparoscopic (closed) method. Since the hunger hormones are in the removed area, the feeling of hunger decreases. A person feels full. Significantly lose weight. It is more preferred because of the low number of complications after surgery.
  • Gastric bypass: The purpose of the procedure is to reduce the stomach and shorten absorption. Gastric bypass is one of the most performed procedures and is performed by the laparoscopic (closed) method. In surgery, a small stomach tube with a volume of 30ml is first created at the entrance to the stomach. The remaining large part of the stomach is separated from the tube. The small gastric tube connects with the small intestine. Thus, nutrients pass through the small gastric tube into the small intestine. At the end of the procedure, the feeling of hunger decreases, while the blood sugar level remains normal. With the operation of gastric bypass, a 60-80% reduction in excess weight is observed.
  • Gastric balloon: It is a silicone balloon that, after being inserted into the stomach, is inflated with air or liquid to a volume of 400-700 cc. Diet and exercise is a temporary weight loss method that is applied endoscopically in those who cannot lose weight easily, those who do not want to have surgery, and patients who are at high risk of surgery

What is the most effective form of weight loss surgery?

In fact, all weight loss surgeries are effective, but the choice of these surgeries depends on the patient’s condition. Every surgery may not give the same result for every patient. In other words, if you prefer any surgery because it is effective, you may not get the same positive result. Gastric restrictive surgeries performed as closed are more effective. The surgery that is suitable for you is determined after the examinations to be performed before the surgery. It is the absolute rule that you are a suitable candidate for that surgery. It also depends on your social life and nutrition after the surgery for the surgery to give an effective result. If you do not have the right lifestyle and nutrition program after the surgery, you cannot get good results from any weight loss surgery.

What is the Safest Form of Weight Loss Surgery?

Let us inform you immediately what is the safest form of weight loss surgery. The laparoscopic gastric band is widely regarded as the safest weight loss procedure. If we consider mortality and complications during surgery and the period immediately following it, this is certainly true. This is due in part to the procedure’s inherent nature.

It does not demand the stomach to be cut, unlike the sleeve or bypass procedures. Simply doing so eliminates the risks of stomach contents leaking through staple lines. Another factor is that the concert is generally preferred by patients who are smaller and have a lower risk of complications.

Sleeve or bypass surgery is generally recommended for patients who are in poor health due to about there weight or have a high BMI (50+). People who have bands, on the other hand, tend to have a lower surgical risk, regardless of the methodology.

The picture changes slightly if we look even further ahead. A portion of band patients will have difficulty adhering to the strict eating regimen required for success. To compensate, the band may be overtightened, resulting in later complications including the pouch becoming extended or symptomatology term is usually associated mostly with reflux. Both of these factors may necessitate the removal of the band.

Even if later complications are considered, it is reasonable to conclude that the band is the secure procedure, not least even though most band side effects can be treated with only a scheduled review procedure. Which is not the circumstance with some of the more serious sleeve and bypass complications, such as quintessential line leakage and intrinsic hernia.

Reference:

https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/weight-loss-surgery/types

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