What are the most common eye diseases?

Whether your vision is not what it was before, or has never been so wonderful, there are things you can do to restore eye health. The most widely spread method of treating eye diseases is surgery.

The definition of such eye diseases as Glaucoma, Cataract, and age-related macular degeneration

  • It is a group of eye diseases that develop due to increased intraocular pressure (IOP) in the eye. Elevated pressure affects the optic nerve and can cause loss of vision. This disease is classified either as an open angle (it is a more common form that is usually painless). Second type is glaucoma with the closure angle (which often arises suddenly and is associated with redness or pain of the eye).
  • Cataract is a painless cloud lens in the eyes that causes blurred vision. It progresses slowly as we age (most people who live long enough will have some cataract-like changes in the cornea). Other causes of cataracts include diabetes, trauma, certain medications, and excessive exposure to ultraviolet radiation. It is one of the most age-related eye diseases. Cataract treatment includes eyeglasses that increase lenses or surgery. Surgery is curative, as the clouded lens is removed and replaced by an artificial one.
  • Age-related macular degeneration. It is an eye disease with a beginning at any age, usually after 60 years, which gradually destroys the macula, the central part of the retina that helps focus. This rarely causes complete blindness, since only the center of vision is affected.

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